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Wall paintings in India

Friday, April 10th, 2009 | Author:


4517162wall-painting-in-the-palace-bundi-rajasthan-india-asia-postersThe art of wall painting in India was a highly developed technique. These techniques have been mentioned in the various texts and are part of the oral memory of the artists and their families and the allied lineage. Some of these texts are now subject to scientific analysis. These texts have states that the primary colours are five namely white, yellow, red, black, and blue with hundreds of intermediate tone. The Indian artist also carefully selects gold, silver, copper, mica, lime and vermillion colours which can be mixed to obtain various shades. Indian wall painting and sculpture artists have used elephant hide and resin to strengthen the colors and to ensure durability of the painting for several years.

The wall paintings of Ajanta, Ellora and Bagh are on granite walls in excavated caves. The badami cave paintings are on sandstone. Most of the sounth Indian wall paintings that are found in Kanchipuram, Panamalai, Leepakshi and other temples are on stone walls. In Tabo and Ladakh, the wall paintings are on mud and brick walls. In Rajhasthan, most of the paintings in the forts and the palaces of the nobility are on stone walls while the Pahari wall paintings are a combination of stone and brick walls.

What is notable about wall paintings in India is that in devising the human form throughout the ages, the attention is given to size – of Gods, Kings, men of different types, has been maintained along with the size of women in relation to men. There is also a keen sense of positioning, symmetry and proportion. As far as expressions are concerned, Indian wall paintings offer a great variety.