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Madhubani paintings

Saturday, April 04th, 2009 | Author:


madhubani_painting_qd22Bright colours, religious motifs, nature symbols, natural objects and Hindu deities – welcome to the world of Madhubani paintings. Madhubani paintings, also known as Mithila painting are an integral part of Indian art. This art has emerged from the Mithila region in Bihar. Women of Madhubani have contributed significantly in making this art so popular. While Madhubani is now done on cloth, paper and canvas, originally it was done in freshly plastered mud wall of huts.  Women use to pass this beautiful art from generation to generation in the Mithila region. Festivals, marriages, religious events, birth ceremony etc all witnessed the celebration through Madhubani art.

Madhubani paintings are wrapped since generations in antiquity. This style of painting originated when King Janak commissioned artists to do paintings at the time of marriage of his daughter Sita to Lord Ram as stated in the epic Ramayana.

Madhubani painting consists of natural objects like the sun, the moon, flowers, and religious plants like the Tulsi etc. Madhubani paintings generally portray scenes from the royal court and other celebrations like marriage, child birth and festivals etc. Madhubani painting usually have layers and there is a lot of intricate designing and detailing. No space is usually left empty and everything is painted so beautifully and so elaborately. Hindu deities like Krishna, Ram, Shiva, Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati and stories revolving this form the themes of Madhubani paintings. Geometric designs, flowers, animals and birds are found in these paintings.

Even today, Madhubani painting has remained confined to a Mithila and the skills have been passed on through generations.  The content and the style have largely remained as it is.