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Metal Sculptures- Conservation

Wednesday, May 13th, 2009 | Author:

Art works need to preserved and conserved. Like every other thing on earth, they are also subject to corrosion. Considering the historical and contemporary relevance of art works, they have a greater need of care. If we talk about metal sculptures, considering the changing environment and their metallic nature, they demand great attention and preservation. Environmental conditions have kept touching new lows since the advent of industrialization and commercialization. Metallic objects react to environmental changes and that’s why it is recommended to keep them to a properly controlled atmosphere. When conditions are well managed, the sheen of these sculptures tends to last longer. It is also our responsibility to maintain the health of the precious art works for the sake of their uniqueness and for future generations.

 

There are times when sculptures are exhibited outdoors. In such conditions, controlling the environment is quite difficult so it’s better to coat the surface. Metallic sculptures are prone to damage and rust in humidity and mechanical loss. Humidity makes iron and silver rusts whereas brass, bronze and copper corrode. That makes it imperative to keep them in dry environment.

 

Technical advancements have made it relatively easier to care for the precious metallic objects. To enhance the longevity of iron and bronze sculptures, new sophisticated treatments have been developed. But the best method is of reducing humidity. It is also advisable to apply some surface treatments and restrained cleaning of the sculptures to keep them in healthy condition. The conservators also make sure to use commercial polishes in a careful way because they contain ammonia and are quite abrasive. Polishing should be done with minimal fuss and it should not be overdone. It is mandatory to use all the functional, aesthetic and practical criteria before indulging in sculpture conservation. Keep a sensitive and careful approach towards conservation and metal sculptures are likely to remain healthy and bright.

Indian Sculptures

Saturday, May 09th, 2009 | Author:

India commands a great reputation when it comes to art, heritage and history. The culture is another great attraction of India. This land has produced several miracles in field of medicine, literature and sculptures. India has one of the finest and oldest sculptures in the world. Indus valley civilization is one of the first known civilizations of the world and Indian sculptures were first witnessed during that period. The period of second and third millennium has given us various terra cotta, stone and bronze sculptures.

 

Indian sculptures received a great boost during Mauryan Empire when king Ashoka built more than 85,000 stupas to spread Buddhism. These stupas were basically dome shaped with teachings of Buddhism engraved upon them. The most stupas is undoubtedly Sanchi Stupa at Sanchi and Ashoka Pillar at Sarnath. These sculptures are shining examples of rich Indian sculptures models. But that was just the beginning of what was later known as great history of early Indian sculptures. The later periods of fourth, fifth, and sixth centuries AD, the tradition of sculptures kept touching new heights in terms of quality, model and scriptures.

 

Hindu deities were the favorite models of Indian sculptures. Several sculptures of Lord Shiva, Vishnu, Sun, Krishna etc were carved during the period. The culture of cave architecture also established its roots in that period. Who can forget the sheer delights of Elephanta Caves in Maharashtra and the Udaigiri Caves in Madhya Pradesh? The passage of time witnessed further evolution of Indian sculptures in from of Khajuraho Temples. Built during tenth to eleventh century, they are epitome of magnificent Indian sculptures. The sculptures at Khajuraho are amazingly sensuous and aesthetic. The Ajanta & Ellora Temples are another masterpieces of early Indian art. Other famous Indian sculptures include the Sun Temple of Konark, and various other temples located at places as diverse as Varanasi, Amravati, Kanchipuram and Madurai.