Tag-Archive for » indian craft «

Stained Glass Art

Friday, December 18th, 2009 | Author:

Those deeply interested in art and crafts must have heard of Stained glass art. It is a very colorful medium of expression for amateurs as well as professional artists. Many people are indulged in stained glass art as a serious hobby. This art from has several interesting aspects. One needs to be aware of those aspects that open a completely new dimension of stained glass art. Elements like how to cut the glass, foiling heavily textured glass, grinding, soldering (flux application and filling gaps, burnishing, etc.), and finishing (application of patina) etc very rudimentary to the whole craft form. One will also need to be aware of zinc farming and lamp photography to understand the true significance of this unique art. Many artists have reached to the level where they can decide the price of the finished works.

Large sheets of glasses are cut in the beginning steps. Curves are made with tapping techniques and serious practitioners of the craft even learn to cut inside a deep curve. This is a thorough process and takes discipline and patience. Grinding glass is another useful thing to learn here. One also needs to smooth up the rough edges of the glass. Then, there is soldering process that is actually very brief in nature. Then glass is centered where spaces are created between the glass pieces.

One of the crucial steps is Patina application that is relatively easy. One can witness stained glass art in products such as boxes, lamps, and other decorative objects. When it comes of lamps, one can see beautiful pieces of Panel lamps, Styrofoam mold lamps; fiberglass mold lamps etc. stained glass art is a process where one needs to be very patient. Things might not turn out as expected initially but sooner than later, with due practice, artist will surely master it.

Papier Mache

Monday, July 20th, 2009 | Author:

Papier Mache is a unique art form. It is most popular and prevalent in the beautiful valley of Kashmir. In fact, one reason behind the fame of Kashmir apart from scenic beauty is craft of papier maché. Legends say, this craft was introduced by a Kashmiri prince who had to spend several years in a prison Samarkand in Central Asia. There he learned this craft and later when he came back to the valley, he introduced it. So how this works? One needs to take certain elements like cloth, soaked waste paper, copper sulphate and rice straw. Once these items are put together, they are mixed and squeezed into a pulp. This resulting pulp is further pressed on to clay, wood or metal moulds. The purpose is to solidify the pulp. Once that happens, white layer of gypsum and glue is used to coat it and then rubbed smooth. The last stage involves getting done with sand papered piece and painting with vibrant Persian floral designs.


Paper mache is just one of the many tools available to skilled Indian craftsmen. These talented artists have grown up on several such products and managed to produce things of highest quality and artistic value. Objects like horn, tortoise shell, shoal pith, conch shell and coconut shell have been creatively used to produce great art works. Such objects have also been very helpful in producing items for normal use in households. Lamps, toy furniture, trays, buttons etc are common things made by these craftsmen.


States like Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala are renowned for skilled craftsmen. The craftsmen have not really received their due despite possessing abundance of talent. Craftsmen are special breed that must be preserved and encouraged. They have kept giving us great art works since centuries and it’s high time we pay them their due.

Wood Work

Sunday, July 19th, 2009 | Author:

There is one hidden but precious part of Indian art that has remained relatively unknown. Yes, it is wood works. India is second to no other country when it comes to luxuriant range of wood works. The country’s culture places special emphasis on usage of wood in numerous rituals and festivals. If we go back to the pages of history, the Kashmiri wooden architecture is a very famous one. The beauty of Kashmiri wooden culture was usage of deodar and walnut wood. Time has remained still in this part of the country since 11th century.


As mentioned above, India celebrates special occasions where wood is considered as very important for the culmination of the rituals. Many parts of India are famous for wooden architecture. Take for example, teakwood that has been so wonderfully used in tharavad homes of Kerala and Havelis of Gujarat. They look as elegant as attractive. Apart from them think of lattice work known as acche-dar and azli pinjra and you will realize the beauty of wooden arts of India. Many small towns in far corners of the country have attained acclaim on the basis of their wood works.


If we move to northern state of Himachal Pradesh, it houses places known as Brahmour and Chatrahi. Their ticket to fame came in form of amazing temple wood carving tradtion. Done in eclectic styles like jail, dori, naghbel, kutheri and phool, tourists visit this place just to have a glimpse of this fine art. One of the best examples of temple wood carving is Bhimakali Temple of Sarahan.


Karnataka is famous for its sandalwood. This wood is used in carving items like statues of gods and goddesses, utilitarian objects and sandalwood boxes. Similarly, its neighbor Andhra Pradesh is famous for producing red sandalwood also known as raktachandan. It is used for carving statutes of deities. These are not just standalone examples. States like Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa and Rajasthan are famous for their magnificent wood works.

Bell Metal craft

Sunday, July 12th, 2009 | Author:

Art aficionados must have heard of Bell metal craft.  It is hugely popular amongst the art lovers all across India. One of the beautiful heritages of amazing Indian art, bell metals are known for their design and lost patterns. Some of the designs will simply take your breath away. Bell metals are in existence since centuries. It is basically an alloy that has been repeatedly used for carving artistic products. Bell metal craft often symbolizes pure beauty of tribal art. According to many opinions, it resembles bronze in some aspects. These materials are molded artistically and the final result manifests itself in form of distinguished form of art.


Bell craft is popular in many parts of the country like Assam, Bihar and West Bengal. However, Kerala is credited with the origin of this precious art. It has numerous usages, both for aesthetic as well as utility purposes. Objects like home furnishing materials, ornaments, utensils etc have been made using this metal. Many tribal deities have been shaped using bell metal craft. Many designs in different size and shape have been carved in bell metal craft. Raw materials required for bell metal handcrafted items are rice bran, charcoal, clay, jute fibers and lac etc. 


There is a process called lost wax using which bell metal crafts are manufactured. This is a very ancient method but still widely used. Some of the artifacts of Bell metal are very popular across the world. Always in demand, these artifacts never go out of fashion. Some of the prominent ones are Bells, Lanterns, Boxes, Lamps, Bottle openers, Lamp Shades, Musical instruments, Tribal figurines and Tribal Animals. Considering the popularity of bell metal craft and new found interest in it, this craft is sure to flourish.