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Phulkari Art

Thursday, December 10th, 2009 | Author:

The state of Punjab has a significant place in the history of India. It is not only a happening place but also totally vibrant and bubbling with energy. Punjab is known for Sikh temples, lush green farms, Maake di roti and Bhangra. The folk music of Punjab is very popular and now it has also acquired international fame. Punjabi dance and song are popular all over the country and have been made even more happening by the Indian residents living abroad. Not many pople know, Punjab is also considered very rich for its craft forms. One form of art that has been in existence since ages in Punjab is Phulkari art. It is primarily a handiwork of the female folks of Punjab. The literal meaning of phulkari is flowering. In this craft, embroidery of the flowering patterns on dupattas, shawls and other garments are performed.

The evolution of this art occurred because of enthusiasm shown by the women. Men used to work outdoors and women stated to develop this craft in the sixteenth century. It was quite amateur during the initial era but by the end of 19th century, it became a developed craft. The Phulkari designs make clothes very beautiful and appealing. When the designer stitches are made on clothes, the prepared piece is called Bagh. Silk yarn that is also called as pat is used as thread.

Several colors like golden, yellow, crimson, orange, green, blue and pink etc are used in Phulkari. Design options are plenty. From geometrical designs to natural patterns, one can witness plethora of wonderful designs. Figures of flowers, leaves, birds, animals and humans can also be seen in this art form. Phulkari designs have religious significance as well.

Cave Paintings

Saturday, May 16th, 2009 | Author:

India has always been very illustrious when it comes to creativity and artistry.

Cave painting or rock painting is one of the oldest forms of art in India. Caves of Bhimbetka, Ellora, Bagh, Sittanavasal and Ajanta are the landmarks of the Indian skill and expertise. Cave paintings are a casement to the history of our country. People then, used to live in these caves


Ajanta caves are one of the biggest tourism spots in India. There are around thirty caves that are a part of Ajanta caves. The Ajanta caves have attractive paintings on the walls. The detailed work on the caves is outstanding. The themes of the paintings on the Ajanta caves depict the life of Lord Buddha. Caligraphic lines like portraits, narrative illustration and ornamental embellishment are the main characteristics of these paintings.


Besides the Ajanta caves, the Ellora caves portray some exceptional art work. These caves are situated in the city of Aurangabad and depict the lives of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Laxmi. The Kailasa temple at Ellora caves is a splendid construction carved out of a solid rock and is one of the chief beauties of the Ellora caves.


Some of the other magnificent examples of cave paintings can be observed in the Bagh caves, Sittanavasa, Ramgarh hill caves, Bhimabetaka and many more. The Bagh caves exhibit the traditions of the Indian art forms whereas the Sittanavasa caves display the Pandyan period. The Bhimabetaka consist of rock paintings describing the intricacies faced by the native man.


Cave paintings are a representation of the pre-historic period in India and they also give us a picture of the talent and excellence of artistry and proficiency in India. Many organizations have come up to preserve and protect caves but it is our responsibility as a citizen to safeguard these symbols of history created by our ancestors.