Monday, July 06th, 2009 | Author:

We have already seen some information about origin and history of murals in India. Let’s check the places in India where murals have been discovered. One of the earlier proofs of murals came from caves 9 and 10 of Ajanta near Aurangabad in Maharashtra. According to archeologists, these murals belong to 2nd century BC. The striking features of these murals are decorative motifs, costume details, figure types and attractive compositions. Most of these murals had predominately Buddhists subjects. Ajanta was not the only site to have murals during that era. Other sites with presence of wonderful murals were at Bagh in Madhya Pradesh, and Cave 3 at Badami in Karnataka. Kailsanatha Temple at Ellora and the Jain Cave shrine at Sittannavsal, Tamil Nadu are also known for linear styled murals.


The picturesque location of Ladakh gave civilization aesthetic wall paintings in Alchi and Hemis Monasteries. These murals belong to 11-12th century. Buddhist murals can also be largely seen in gomphas of Tabo Monastery in Spiti Valley of Himachal Pradesh. Mughal era gave India amazing paintings. Mughal style of painting was very much influenced from Persian style and that is clearly reflected in murals and miniatures. Even Rajput School of painting was very much influenced from Mughal style and the effects can be seen wall paintings at places like Deeg, Bundi, Jaipur, Ajmer, Jodhpur and other places in Rajasthan.


South India was always a cultural hotshot. If one tries to go through paintings traditions of India, one need not go far from kingdoms of Cholas, Vijayanagaras and Nayakas. These kingdoms are shining lights of south Indian cultural richness. European style of painting also influenced Indian painting tradition. The examples can be seen in the Deccan art of Bijapur, Hyderabad, and Golconda schools and mural art of Kerala.

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