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Mughal Art

Monday, May 11th, 2009 | Author:

Mughal art was developed mainly during the 16th – 18th century, in the reigns of the emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. These paintings included episodes, portraits, panoramas of wild life and battlegrounds. They also portrayed events from the epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata.

 Mughal painting

Mughal paintings were a unique merge of Indian, Islamic and Persian paintings. These paintings are generally restrained to miniatures like book graphics or as single works to be reserved in albums. A classic depiction of the royal life can be observed in the hunting scenes in these Mughal paintings.

 

During the reign of Emperor Jahangir, the artistic scenario was at its best. The paintings created during his reign exemplified events and happenings of his life. Use of light colours and complex brush strokes were the prominent attributes of these paintings such as the ones which were a part of the Jahangirnama, a biographical portrayal of Jahangir.

 

The impressive albums comprising the Mughal paintings were often covered with leather. This leather was smoothened first and then it was embossed and painted. In the preliminary phases the technique of Mughal art often involved a team of people who specialized in art. One determined the composition, the second did the concrete colouring and the third worked on individual faces or portraits. One of the earliest example of the Mughal art is illustrated in the folk tale Tuti – Nameh (tale of a parrot).

 

In recent times, the consummate skill of the Mughal paintings has come to be widely appreciated in the West. Mughal painting was basically a court art which developed under the benefaction of the ruling Mughal emperors and began to deteriorate when the rulers lost interest.

Rajasthani paintings

Wednesday, May 06th, 2009 | Author:

The land of sumptuous Dal bhati churma and kachori is also blessed with pleasant art forms that still bear a strong resemblance of the olden era. Whether it is the tie-dye pattern in sarees or dupattas or the intrinsic gota work in the cholis, Rajasthan of the present stage has gone through a serious of historic influences. Dynasty ruling and the prevalent culture change brought in by Moghuls has flavored the paintings from time to time.

 

Remarkable sketches and portraits seemed to be an important concept during the kingly rule. The life size paintings of the kings and queens, court room drama, palanquin travel were a common depiction. Udaipur citizens had a major patronage towards paintings where the canvas was decked with the minute description of the crowd as various activities, palace activities were drawn with great detail.

 

Typicality is certain in each form of painting though originating from a common state. This art is typical of Kota where the paintings had certain intrinsic qualities that has the calligraphy art which is prominent. There another quality seen in during the Bundi reign.

The Pichwas is an art of Rajasthan painting which has a major fan following. There are more descriptions of the various act of Lord Krishna which is also a typical trait of Rajasthan. The Chunar Ragmala which was famous during the Mughal times is another variation of Rajashthani art.

 

 

Rajasthni paintings continue to be in demand in the local scene and also have international audience. Lovers of art hold a lot of value to the fresco style of wall painting in the typical Rajasthan style. The grandeur of the palace routine is well captured in the gait and clothes of the court sessions. Similar vibrancy is seen in the paintings related to rural theme. Unique styles are seen in the gem paintings or the phad art which again the specialty of Rajasthan culture.

Landscape prints

Tuesday, April 14th, 2009 | Author:

Landscape initially was a term used by artists to denote the natural land forms. This includes the plains, valleys, mountains and hills, deserts, marshlands, farmlands, plateaus, etc. a large number of artists have created valuable artworks depicting the various aspects of the land on which human beings tread. However, today landscape artwork is said to also encompass the urban structures, as well as the natural land-scenes.

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Before the days of photography artists used to carry their canvas boards, stands, paints and brushes to the outdoors and paint the view in front of them. What was amazing is that they would have a photographic memory with regards to the spot they intend depicting through their artistic skills. This was important so as to maintain uniformity in the painting in order to create a near-to-life artwork.

There were also artists who would create paintings of landscapes, depicting a land form that they would imagine. For instance, some landscape paintings created out of imagination include those with excessive color, as well as uniqueness in the type of land they have depicted, which in many cases have been a contrast to what their actual surroundings have been.

Since, only a few people could own the original landscape paintings by historic artists, people started having them photographed, with dozens of copies printed. This way a lot more people could enjoy these paintings and thus, was initiated the concept of landscape art prints.

However, today landscape art prints encompass not only digital pictures of original landscape paintings, but also prints of photographs of the various forms of land. Some creative landscape photographers in fact depict the land in front of them with people in various poses and postures. For instance, to depict the actual aridness of barren land, a photographer generally uses a model dressed in blacking, probably digging through the cracks in the land.

Outdoor art prints : When using the term outdoor art prints it has two basic implications, being: Those prints that are used to decorate the outdoors. Or rather those put up as means of advertising. For instance, the film posters put up on public walls.
Those prints that contain pictures of the outdoor. This includes landscapes, seascapes, nature, etc.
Whatever, it may imply, outdoor art prints in general play an essential role in almost every person’s life. For instance, in the first type of outdoor art prints, whereby the reference is to film publicity posters or banners and other forms of printed publicity for public display have played a major role in the success of a venture. As it is said the first step to a venture’s success is the packaging.

Thus, if the posters look attractive and lure people to theater halls, then surely for the first couple of weeks the film’s success is ensured, after that it is dependent on the viewer’s reaction. This is also the case with product launches and public service ad campaigns. The message and visuals have to be captivating in order to make a difference.

In the case of outdoor prints that simply depict the life that exists in the world around, there is a wide variety to select from. These include those of natural surroundings and all forms of wildlife, as well as aspects of urban city life as witnessed on the streets; and also the rustic rural living conditions. These are just a few examples of the kind of outdoor prints one can select from.

Since eras, art depicting the outside world have been placed in almost every home of every class of society. It is said that this type of prints or pictures play a major role in synchronizing man’s internal existence with his external surroundings.

Chola Wall Paintings

Saturday, April 11th, 2009 | Author:

 

chola_frescoThe Chola Dynasty is responsible for taking Indian art and architecture to its most glorious heights. This dynasty has built over thousand temples in India. The quality and sophistication of the Chola wall painting are something that leaves you in awe. The first Chola temple with wall paintings in it is in Vijaya Cholishwaram. This temple is named after the Chola king Vijayalaya. The temple is covered entirely with wall paintings. Human anatomy, Gods like Shiva and the dark face of Goddess Bhawani can be seen in these paintings. There are a lot of female figures in these paintings. While other colours are not very prominent, there is a distinct use of yellow, auburn and orange in these paintings.

The Cholas were great devotes of Lord Shiva. When the Chola empire was run by Rajaraja in 1014 AD, there were 52 temples that were built in the area of Tanjavur. This is the largest body of the Chola wall paintings. Shiva is painted here in all his glory in the passage as well as in the main areas of the temple. Events like blessings, child births, weddings etc with their distinct customs are highlighted in these paintings. It tells us so much about the traditions and the culture of the Chola dynasty.

These paintings noit just weave a story, but portray delicacy and lyricism. Use of warm colours is a sensation and a feast to the eye of the beholder. Dancing girls, lush trees, weaved emotions etc all evoke a deep sense of Indian-ism in you. The lyrical quality of these paintings is outstandingly depicted in the Cola wall paintings and these surely add a great value to the much cherished art of India! 

Wall paintings in India

Friday, April 10th, 2009 | Author:

 

4517162wall-painting-in-the-palace-bundi-rajasthan-india-asia-postersThe art of wall painting in India was a highly developed technique. These techniques have been mentioned in the various texts and are part of the oral memory of the artists and their families and the allied lineage. Some of these texts are now subject to scientific analysis. These texts have states that the primary colours are five namely white, yellow, red, black, and blue with hundreds of intermediate tone. The Indian artist also carefully selects gold, silver, copper, mica, lime and vermillion colours which can be mixed to obtain various shades. Indian wall painting and sculpture artists have used elephant hide and resin to strengthen the colors and to ensure durability of the painting for several years.

The wall paintings of Ajanta, Ellora and Bagh are on granite walls in excavated caves. The badami cave paintings are on sandstone. Most of the sounth Indian wall paintings that are found in Kanchipuram, Panamalai, Leepakshi and other temples are on stone walls. In Tabo and Ladakh, the wall paintings are on mud and brick walls. In Rajhasthan, most of the paintings in the forts and the palaces of the nobility are on stone walls while the Pahari wall paintings are a combination of stone and brick walls.

What is notable about wall paintings in India is that in devising the human form throughout the ages, the attention is given to size – of Gods, Kings, men of different types, has been maintained along with the size of women in relation to men. There is also a keen sense of positioning, symmetry and proportion. As far as expressions are concerned, Indian wall paintings offer a great variety.